When I saw this…:
KUALA LUMPUR, Malaysia: Carbon emissions in Malaysia have increased by 221 percent since 1990, the highest growth rate among the world’s top polluters, the United Nations said Thursday, as it urged the government to control climate-changing gases more vigorously.
Malaysia, which has rapidly transformed from an agricultural economy to an industrialized one in the last four decades, is now ranked the 26th largest emitter of greenhouse gases in the world, said Richard Leete, the regional representative for the United Nations Development Program. [Malaysian growth of carbon emissions highest in the world, says UN. IHT. November 29 2007]
…I was prepared to defend Malaysia. After all, it is likely for a country’s emissions to increase in spite of improving efficiency (decreasing carbon per some unit of measurement, or in other words, carbon intensity). An economy may expand while emissions per capita dropped due to technological progress. In this case, there is effort to reduce emissions through growth. Indeed, many developing countries such as that in western Europe are experiencing this trend.
But when I read that Malaysian carbon intensity of energy (amount of carbon emitted per some unit of energy; kt CO2 per kt of oil equivalent) and intensity of growth (carbon emitted per some unit of GDP;kt CO2 per million 2000 PPP USD) have increased from 2.44 to 3.13 and 0.56 to 0.76 respectively from 1990 to 2004, I decided to frown instead.
Anyway, the Human Development Index initiative under the United Nations Development Program has tables of data for abuse.
And, the Bali Summit on post-Kyoto climate change action starts tomorrow.